Bullying is understood to be a hostile activity which harms or induces fear through the threat of further aggression and/or creates terror. Capital Region BOCES uses the term bullying to describe a range of misbehaviors such as harassment, hazing, intimidation or discrimination.
Discrimination is the act of denying rights, benefits, justice, equitable treatment or access to facilities available to all others, to an individual or group of people because of the group, class or category to which that person belongs (as outlined in the Harassment section below).
Hazing is an induction, initiation or membership process involving harassment which produces public humiliation, physical or emotional discomfort, bodily injury or public ridicule or creates a situation where public humiliation, physical or emotional discomfort, bodily injury or public ridicule is likely to occur.
The Dignity for All
Students Act (§10-18 of Education Law) defines harassment as the
creation of a hostile environment by
conduct or by verbal threats, intimidation or abuse that has or
would have the effect of unreasonably and
substantially interfering with a students educational performance,
opportunities or benefits, or mental,
emotional or physical well-being; or conduct, verbal threats,
intimidation or abuse that reasonably
causes or would reasonably be expected to cause a student to fear for his or her physical safety.
The harassing behavior may be based on any
characteristic, including but not limited to a persons actual or
sexual orientation, or
gender (including gender identity and expression).